Blue checkmarks on X spread lies about Israel-Hamas war. They are 'superspreaders of misinformation'.

A deep dive into the role of social media verification in the spread of misinformation during the 2023 Israel-Hamas war.

The social media landscape has undergone a startling transformation over the past decade. A significant aspect of this change has been the introduction and rise of blue verified check marks. These stickers serve as a form of authenticity, legitimizing a user's posts.

In the context of the Israel-Hamas war of 2023, these blue verified check marks took on a new, more sinister role. They inadvertently contributed to widespread misinformation, fuelling discord, and war propaganda on a global scale. Misinformation superspreaders leveraged their blue tick checkmarks to spread discord and untruths at rapid rates.

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During the Israel-Hamas conflict, any given day's severe event became a breeding ground for misinformation, launched into cyberspace by those with scores to settle. Individuals and organizations, authenticated by blue ticks, played substantial roles in disseminating these inaccuracies.

Blue checkmarks on X spread lies about Israel-Hamas war. They are

Twitter, where verified blue tick holders abound, became a battleground of narratives and counter-narratives. Between skirmishes and peace talks, millions of tweets fired volleys of misinformation, each amplified by the blue tick identity and the broad reach these users typically possess.

Blue ticks Fuel Misinformation

Twitter's verified blue tick, intended as a sign of authenticity, morphed into a weapon of misinformation. Verified users, aware of their credence in the social media universe, used their platform to share unverified, often false, information. The blue tick amplified the veracity of such misinformation.

While ordinary social media users may be dismissive of unverified information from unverified accounts, they put a lot of faith in the narratives spewed by the blue tick brigade. This immediate trust was often misplaced, leading to the proliferation of war propaganda and misinformation.

Notably, not all blue tick holders engaged in this dissemination of untruths. Many strived to use their platforms judiciously and responsibly. The unfortunate reality, though, was that the few who did spread misinformation were able to do so extremely effectively due to their verified status.

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A high volume of falsehoods, either intentionally or negligently relayed by verified users, fit neatly into pre-existing biases and narratives, further fueling the war propaganda machine. This was not helped by the high speeds at which these harmful inaccuracies could travel.

The Scourge of Misinformation

The misinformation disseminated during the Israel-Hamas war had far-reaching and damaging effects. It not only muddied the waters in an already confusing geopolitical landscape but also served to deepen divides and fuel hatred. At its worst, it even contributed to the violence, both online and off.

Readily believed misinformation drives fear, suspicion, and hostility. Given the context, it's not difficult to imagine how such amplified hostility resulted in increased aggression and violence among parties who might otherwise be persuaded to deescalate or mediate.

Unfortunately, once released, misinformation is hard to contain. Even when a verified user retracts a false statement or tweet, the damage is often already done. The retraction hardly ever travels as far or as fast as the original misinformation.

Misinformation also serves to create an echo chamber, reinforcing the belief systems of those who perpetrate it. This makes it harder to shift perspectives or biases, thus impeding meaningful conversation, compromise, or peace.

A New Age of Responsibility

The role of the blue tick in spreading misinformation during the Israel-Hamas war has ignited conversations about digital accountability. Social media giants are being pushed to create safer online spaces by monitoring and restricting the spread of misinformation more effectively.

Verified users too, have a role to play in this. There's an urgent need for those with a sizeable following and credibility to use their platform responsibly. Misinformation can lead to real-world violence, and with such a large reach, the onus falls on verified users to fact-check before sharing information.

In addition, social media platforms need to review their verification processes. Merely being popular or influential should no longer qualify someone for a blue tick. A more stringent process might scrutinize a user's commitment to sharing authentic information.

The war has highlighted the severe implications of unchecked digital discourse. It's not just a matter of online misinformation, but real-world consequences, demanding swift and effective measures to rectify the situation.


The blue verified checkmark was originally intended to add credence to a social media user's identity. The Israel-Hamas war showcased how this symbol of credibility could be weaponized to spread misinformation.

The glaring dangers this presents to global discourse, peace, and security are sobering. It underscores the need for greater digital accountability and responsibility among social media platforms and their verified users.

It's not enough to simply react to these dangers as they occur. More proactive, preventative measures need to be taken to prevent the unchecked proliferation of misinformation in the future.

One can only hope that the lessons from the Israel-Hamas war serve as timely reminders that the digital world isn't isolated. Online actions have real-world impacts, and maintaining integrity in the digital space is crucial to preserving the peace offline.